How to Weave on a Loom – Textured Weaving Techniques

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If you have been following along, you have set up the warp on your loom and started your first rows of weaving.

Now it’s time for a few more weaving patterns to complete your handmade woven wall hanging!

You are going to use a dowel rod to create loops with the pile weave. Then there are woven braids with the wonderful soumak weave. And since wool roving is one of my favorite craft materials, any excuse to use it! We’ll be weaving with wool roving.

This article is part of a four-part DIY weaving tutorial series. Follow along and learn how to make your own woven wall hanging!

1. The first article explains the tools and materials needed to weave, and how to set up your weaving loom. A good place to start if you are a beginner weaver or just need a quick refresher.

2. Start your wall hanging with a few basic weaving techniques. I start every weave with a few rows of a plain weave. And I love a good fringe, so there will be some rya knots. And a few rows of the classic basket weave.

3. In this article, we’re moving on to a few more weaving techniques that add even more texture and depth to your wall hanging. The loopy pile weave, soumak braids, and weaving with wool roving.

4. The last part of the series shows how to finish your wall hanging and get it off your loom and up on your wall!

Pink and light blue woven wall hanging on weaving loom. Text on image: Weaving techniques easy step by step instructions.

Pile weave

The pile weave is such a fun pattern. You will need something like a wooden dowel rod, or a thick knitting needle to wrap the yarn around and create your loops.

As with all patterns, start with a few rows of plain weave as a base for your loopy pile weave.

Depending on the thickness of the yarn you are using you can weave it over 1, under 1, or over 2, under 2. Do you want smaller, tighter loops, or do you like larger ones? Test it out and see what works for you.

In this example I have loosely woven my yarn over 2, under 2.

Grab your dowel. Skip the first set of warp threads. Insert your dowel from the bottom up where your weft goes over the warp. Gently pull the yarn up to create your loop.

Continue this way looping the yarn around your dowel every second space to the left. You are making loops where the yarn goes over the warp threads.

Close up images of weaving in progress. Text on image: Weaving techniques, pile weave, loop around a rod.

At the end of the row, carefully remove your dowel rod and push the loops down gently.

Continue this way going back and forth making loops for how many rows you want, reversing the over-under pattern on each way back.

Secure your pile weave by weaving one or more rows of plain weave in between.

Weaving close ups on loom. Text on image: Weaving techniques, loopy pile weave.

Soumak weave

Add some braids to your wall hanging by weaving two or more rows of soumak weave. I recommend using a thicker yarn to show off the pattern better.

Use your tapestry weaving needle for the soumak weave. Start by going under, over, and under the first warp thread to start your row.

If you are using a thinner yarn, you will weave around each warp thread. With a heavier yarn, go around two warp threads like I do here.

Weave your needle over 4 warp threads, go back under 2 and bring your needle up. Move on, again going over the next 4 warp threads, and bring your needle back under 2. Continue to the end of your row.

Close up step by step photographs how to weave the soumak weave.

To change direction, loop your weft thread around the last warp thread to the right side.

Moving in the other direction now, again go over 4 and back under 2 until you reach the end of your row and your first braid is complete.

Go back and forth for as many braids you want. Don’t forget about adding a few rows of plain weave to stabilize your warp threads.

Close up photos of hand weaving soumak stitch in progress.

wool roving

Saving the best for last. Wool roving is one of my all-time favorite materials to work with. My roving love started with needle felting, and being able to use it in my weaving makes me love it even more.

Wool roving is wool that has only been processed up to the point where it would be spun into yarn. You can find wool roving online in many beautiful colors. To use it in your wall hanging, gently pull and separate the roving to the width you want to use.

Weave a few rows of plain weave to support the roving and stabilize your warp threads.

You are not using a shuttle or needle to weave your roving. Just guide it through your warp with your fingers. Take the tail end of your roving and plain weave it between a few warp threads to secure it.

Next, take the other end of your roving and weave it over 2, under 2. Gently pull up your roving between the warp threads.

Work in progress photo of wool roving being added to wall hanging on weaving loom.

To finish the roving, take the roving end and plain weave it in a few warp threads to secure it.

At this point, you can mold the shapes of your wool roving bubbles a little. Gently push and pull and position how you want.

Realign your warp by weaving one or more rows of plain weave in between.

Closeup photo of woven wool roving on wall hanging on loom.

Keep going! In the next part of this weaving series, I’ll show you how to remove your weave from the loom, do finishing touches and add a rod to hang it on the wall!

2 thoughts on “How to Weave on a Loom – Textured Weaving Techniques”

  1. Thank you for this tutorial. I am just new to weaving and your tutorial makes me feel confident that I can become a weaver in a short time if I follow your instructions. Thank you so much, Ellen

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